The Creator Of The Name Oxygen

Oxygen is a component of the gas and an essential element in the process of metabolism to maintain the survival of all cells normally obtained by inhalation.

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, is the real name of a French scientist born in 1743 in Paris. He was a human named oxygen (1778). The word oxygen consists of two Greek words, oxus (acid) and gennan (producing).


In addition to mastering chemistry, Lavoisier also mastered many other disciplines such as law, economics, agriculture, and geology. Prior to getting involved in chemistry, Lavoisier followed in his father's footsteps studying law.

However, Lavoisier is more interested in science. In 1768, Lavoisier was elected a member of the Academie Royale des Sciences (French Academy of Sciences), a scientific community.

In the same year, he bought Ferme Generate, a private enterprise that runs tax collection services for the government. Lavoisier was appointed the Royal Police Commissioner when he was 32 years old.


Lavoisier was given the responsibility of managing the gunpowder laboratory (explosives made from sulfur mixtures). He developed his experiments by recruiting young chemists from all over Europe. Lavoisier and his men worked hard to improve the method of making gunpowder.

He and his men succeeded in improving the quality of gunpowder. The result was not disappointing, the gunpowder produced in his lab was much bigger and better than before. That was Lavoisier's early introduction to his chemical research work. Since then, Lavoisier has been experimenting with chemistry.

Lavoisier's hard work is fully supported by his wife, Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze. Marie helped her husband translate the writings of British chemist Joseph Prestley. In addition, Marie-Anne Pierrette has drawing skills. It was used to describe the results of Lavoisier's experiments.

Lavoisier's greatest contribution to the development of chemical sciences and thus the title of Modern Chemistry is his ability to combine all discoveries in the field of chemistry and stand alone into one unit.


In 1789, France suffered economic depression. The price of goods has become unstable. The public is upset. At that time, Lavoisier was in the middle of testing. Lavoisier had to reduce his experimental activity because at the time, he was helping to improve his country's economic situation.

Renewing salt taxes, preventing smuggling by building fortifications around Paris, and improving agricultural methods are some of his efforts to improve the economy. Despite his many contributions to science and economics, Lavoisier's life ended tragically.

During the French revolution, all government officials and nobles were arrested, including Lavoisier. He was charged with actively taking public taxes for his government through his company (Ferme Generate), lowering the city's air quality, for his idea of ​​building a fort around Paris, mixing tobacco with water, and moving gunpowder from the armory.

Lavoisier was eventually sentenced to death. In the moments before the sentencing, Lavoisier asked for his sentence to be postponed.

"I'm a scientist. Not a nobleman, ”Lavoisier said. But the judge emphatically replied, "The country does not need smart people!"

Lavoisier's head was beheaded, the world mourned. One of the gems of science is lost in vain. Lavoisier died on May 8, 1794 at the age of 50.

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