After Finding the Lost City, This Explorer Never Appears

During study of the border of Brazil and Bolivia for 18 months in 1906, Colonel Percy Fawcett became obsessed with a legend about the lost civilization in the region.

The civilization is considered older than the ancient Egyptian civilization. So start the expedition in search of an ancient civilization named City Z or The Lost City of Z.


The Amazon is a river located in South America and is the second longest river in the world after the Nile.

In contrast to the Nile, the Amazon is famous for its dense rainforest and holds its mysteries. Many of these giant-sized animals can be found here.

However, in addition to who thought this dense forest also kept the story of civilization lost. According to local folklore, behind the dense jungle of the Amazon, there is a city that once was a gold mine.


The civilization of this lost city is said to be rediscovered by Francisco de Orellana, a conqueror and explorer originally from Spain.

He was the first to complete the first navigation of the Rio de Orellana (now called the Amazon river) and the opening of the city of Guayaquil (now called Ecuador).

In 1906 Lieutenant Colonel Percy Fawcett was invited by the Royal Geographical Society to conduct research on the border between Brazil and Bolivia. Percy Fawcett is an archeologist, explorer, and geographer from Britain.


His quest to find the Z city intensified in 1912 because the Inca town of Macchu Picchu was rediscovered in the Andes Mountains, Peru. Fawcett is confident that he will also find the missing Z city.

Some years later, in 1920, Colonel Percy Fawcett found a document in the Rio de Jeneiro Library also called Manuscript 512. The manuscript was written by a Portuguese explorer in 1753.


In the manuscript it is stated that some explorers were able to discover a wall from the hidden city of Mato Grosso, an area in the Amazon jungle. The city continues to remind it of ancient Greek civilization.

In the script it is said that the city of mystery is filled with high-rise buildings with a silver lining. On the exterior of a building is engraved letters that resemble ancient Greek or European letters. In addition there are wide roads leading down to the lake.

In the lake are seen two white Indians in a canoe. Shortly thereafter Percy Fawcett immediately prepared himself for an expedition in search of the lost city. The expedition took place in 1921.


So Fawcett departed with his team. However, after arriving on Amazon their spirits began to fade. They have to make the difficult journey.

From wildlife threats to diseases that could potentially attack them during the journey. The expedition failed.

The second expedition took place that same year. This time Fawcett went alone. He travels to the region of Balia, Brazil. But three months later he returned with a failure.

Fawcett resumed his attempt in 1925. This time the preparations were much more thorough with the funds he received than ever before. The expedition was funded by the Royal Geographic Society and also by Rockefeller.

In addition to the much needed preparations and funds, Fawcett's expedition was accompanied by his good friend Raleigh Rimell, his eldest son Jack Fawcett and two Brazilian workers.

On May 29, 1925, Fawcett and his team succeeded in reaching a border he had never before reached.

As stated in a letter sent to his family, the letter also mentions Fawcett and his team successfully crossing Upper Xingu (a tributary of the southeastern Amazon). But they had to send one of the Brazilian workers home.

The team then reached a place called Dead Horse Camp, where Fawcett sent a 5-month order to his wife, Nina. But after 5 months, the letters stopped and Fawcett's fate with his team was unknown. They disappeared mysteriously.


Some expeditions are similar after they find the same fate. One of them was a journalist named Albert de Winton who also traveled to the area and never returned.

A total of 13 expeditions were conducted to find out what exactly happened to Fawcett, but most of them encountered the same fate and disappeared in the thick and dark of the Amazon jungle.

The first theory is that Fawcett and his team were killed possibly by drowning or possibly being infected.

The second theory is that they may be arrested, robbed, and killed. This theory was reinforced by the case of several explorers who were stopped in an area and robbed and in some cases killed among them.

An official report from the rescue team said that Fawcett was lost in the Kululene river and killed by the Indian chief. This is the most widely believed theory to date. But Fawcett in letters sent to his family always said that he had good relations with the locals.


In 1952, the head of the Kalapalo Indian tribe reported that some explorers had invaded the area and were killed. It is possible that Percy Fawcett, Jack Fawcett, and Raleigh Rimmell were included in the report.

In the report, a Brazilian explorer named Orlando Villas Boas is investigating an area where the homicide may have occurred. There Boas discovered some human bones as well as some small tools such as knives.


The bones had undergone numerous tests, but without the DNA of the Fawcett family they refused the test. The bones were then stored at the Forensic Medicine Institute at the University of Sao Paulo.

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