Guillotine, A Tool Designed To Reduce Pain Of Death Penalty

Guillotine was a major tool in the execution of the French death penalty until the end of the 20th century. Thousands of heads have experienced it's sharpness. It has been used for over 200 years in many countries. This device was called the guillotine in the late 18th century during the French Revolution.

There are actually some guillotine-like devices in some other European countries, such as the German plank, Halifax Gibbet in the UK with similar mechanisms. The inception of the Guillotine began in 1789, where Dr. Joseph Guillotin proposed the tool to the French government.


He thinks that the tool can reduce the suffering of death penalty because the head is separated quickly from the body, unlike the ax or sword that sometimes causes problems. Finally in 1792, the guillotine was approved for use.

This device is called guillotine because of Dr. Guillotin made it. But since the beginning of its use, many rumors have surfaced in the execution of the guillotine sentence that the offender was still conscious after they head was beheaded.


In 1793 in the New Heights area, spectators who came to see the death penalty using guillotine were also shocked that there was still movement on the severed head. Doctors then began to determine whether the offender was alive when they head was cut off.

The answers were then found through experiments using mice and they concluded that the brain was still working for a while after the head was cut off.


Hitler made the device an official death sentence in the 1930s and there is 20 such devices throughout Germany. According to Nazi data, about 16,500 people were beheaded in the years 1933 to 1945.


Among the most famous people who have beheaded by guillotine is the Queen of France named Marie Antoinette. Marie, who was known for living lavishly without caring for her people, was sentenced to death on October 16, 1793 during the French Revolution.


Guillotine use was officially stopped in 1981 after the French government banned the use and Hamida Djandoubi became the last beheaded in 1977.

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