Queen Of Radiation, First Person Awarded 2 Nobel Prize

November 7, 1867, a baby girl was born in Warsaw. When the baby was born, the city that is now the capital of Poland was still the territory of the Soviet Union.

The baby's name was Marie Salomea Skłodowska. Both of Marie's parents were teachers. They emphasize the importance of education for their daughters.

Marie grew up as a smart, curious girl. In 1891, at the age of 24, Marie moved to Paris to continue her education.

While there she met Pierre Curie, the man who would later marry her. From then on, her name became better known as Marie Curie.


Marie and Pierre are both scholars of radioactive interest. In 1898, the couple published a report on the discovery of radioactive elements of polonium and radium. These two elements are the first two radioactive elements found.

Polonium is derived from the Polish name, the birthplace of Marie Curie. While the name radium is derived from the word ray in modern Latin it is called "radius" and in French it is called "radium". The term ray is meant for the strength of radium in transmitting power in the form of a ray.


In 1903, with Henri Becquerel, the couple were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics after contributing to the radiation phenomenon Becquerel first discovered in 1896. On April 19, 1906, Marie was widowed after her husband died in an accident.

However, despite his absence, Marie continued to pursue various studies. A deep curiosity about radioactivity has led to new discoveries.


In 1910, Marie successfully removed radium and created the radioactive element in pure metal. The existence of such radioactive elements is proving beyond doubt. In addition to successfully isolating radium elements, Marie also documented the properties of the radioactive elements and their compounds.

In 1911, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of polonium and radium elements, her success in isolating radium, and her persistence in explaining the properties and compounds of these elements.

With the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Marie Curie became the first person to ever win the Nobel Prize twice. To this day, she is the only woman to have won the Nobel Prize twice.

Not only do they leave behind incredible work, women who are constantly spreading their love for science also leave behind incredible generations.


Marie has two daughters. Her first child, Irène Curie, won the Nobel Prize. In 1935, Irene and her husband, Frederick Joliot, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their discovery of artificial radioactivity.


Marie's second child, Denve Denise Curie, was also a great person. She was a journalist who had written a biography of her mother Madame Curie and a war book called Journey Among Warriors.

Since the 1960s, she has decided to work at UNICEF to help children and mothers in developing countries. In 1965, while chairing UNICEF, Eve was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize with her husband H.R. Labouisse.


On July 4, 1934, Marie Curie died at the age of 66 due to acute leukemia as a result of her frequent work with radioactive substances. Although long gone, Marie Curie's services have always been remembered worldwide.


The radioactive compounds she explores are an important source of radiation, both in scientific and in other fields such as industry, geology, and medicine such as treating tumors.

"Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas." - Marie Curie

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