The Worst Industrial Tragedy in World History 35 Years Ago

In 1984, a tragedy was considered the worst industrial disaster in world history. The tragedy is called Bhopal Tragedy or otherwise known as a gas leak incident.

The Bhopal tragedy occurred on the night of December 2, 3, 1984 at Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide located in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

This occurs when gas leaks occur at night from December 2-3. Water entered the 610 tank, which contained 42 tons of methyl isocyanate. The tank temperature increased to 200 ° C. As a result, gas leaked from the tank and engulfed the entire city of Bhopal.


An emergency siren was sounded but then stopped, leaving most Bhopal residents unaware of the imminent danger. In addition to MIC, other gases that are also released include phosgene and hydrogen cyanide.

Many workers at the plant died instantly. In addition, the newly awakened residents were shocked and felt like burning lungs with pain in their eyes due to exposure to toxic gases.

Air-driven MIC gas formed the clouds and filled the atmosphere in Bhopal. The residents of Bhopal who were shocked by the incident immediately fled their home. The situation caused them to be exposed to the gas directly.

Within a few hours, more than 3000 people were killed. The bodies were found with open eyes, foaming mouth, clenched teeth and hands clasped around the neck. Even in small quantities, toxic MIC gas can cause blindness, difficulty breathing, kidney and liver damage.


A team of Union Carbide specialists said the explosion occurred because water was entering the gas tank. Chemical reactions caused the heat to occur and produce carbon dioxide. The strong pressure occurred, causing one valve to break and about 40 tonnes of MIC gas and other toxic gases dispersed in the air.

The investigation revealed that some security measures were not implemented and that the level of operation of the plant was not compatible with other Union Carbide factories.

In addition, it is possible that security measures have been ignored as a result of the "cost savings" procedure implemented by the company. In addition, there are a number of contributing factors that could cause this industry to happen. These factors include:

• Use of harmful chemicals or B3, methyl isocyanate
• Store large amounts of harmful chemicals (methyl isocyanate) in the tank,
• There is a rusted but still used pipeline.
• Unsatisfactory factory equipment maintenance program after factory stopped operation in the 80s.
• Failure of some factory safety systems due to neglect of maintenance.
• Deactivation of some safety equipment due to cost, including refrigeration (cooling) system for methyl isocyanate, which should prevent this tragedy from occurring.


About 2000-8000 people were killed in the days following the Bhopal Disaster.

In addition, 8000 people died from long-term effects of exposure to MIC gas after the Bhopal tragedy and as many as 100,000 people suffered from various health problems such as chronic respiratory problems, birth defects, neurological problems, weakened immune system, infertility and heart problems.


After more than 30 years, the bloody incident continues to haunt Bophal citizens. Even the effects are still felt today. Over the years, deaths caused by the side effects of the tragedy have continued to rise as toxic and mercury remains in Bhopal's land and water sources.

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